Nearly everyone is familiar with this software testing of two kinds: one is manual testing and the other is automation testing. Both kinds of testing form a crucial component of software development. 

Software development projects tend to be successful only once the testing has been done. As such, both kinds of testing are crucial but which one to use for a particular project depends on several factors such as budget, requirements, expertise, and others. 

It is the software testing only that helps the developers find the bugs or errors and fix them before launching the software. Fixing bugs beforehand saves you time and money. Consequently, the developers tend to leverage the testing to speed the time to market. 

Let us learn in-depth about automation testing and help developers to launch effective products devoid of any errors.

About Automation Testing 

Automation testing refers to the use of an independent tool to enable the testing on a particular software and compare the actual results with the anticipated ones. The main purpose of automation testing is to increase efficiency, improve quality, minimize costs and enhance the security of the software. 

Back in time, it tended to remain critical but with the advent of low-cost tools, organizations and developers find it easy to access it. 

Kinds of Automation Testing

There is a diverse automation testing but not all are suited for automation testing. Here are some popular kinds of automation testing: 

Performance testing 

The foremost kind of testing is performance testing. Performance testing is mainly done to test the speed, responsiveness, and stability of software products. The developers can check at the end of each sprint delivering the user’s story in agile testing. Doing performance testing ensures good speed of testing and ensures on-time delivery of high-performing products. 

Load testing 

Load testing refers to the process used to determine the efficiency of software under stress conditions. The stress condition refers to the condition where there is an increase in the number of users. 

Data-driven testing 

Next comes data-driven testing. What happens in this is test data is stored in a table and spreadsheet along with a single test script. All this is done to execute test data and fetch the results in the same table. 

Regression testing 

Regression testing is mainly done to run the test cases and ensure that the software is performing as expected or not. This is done when a major change is to be made to the software. 

Keyword testing 

As the name suggests, keyword testing uses familiar action words representing user behavior. All this is documented separately from the development of the test and its execution. 

Functional testing 

Functional testing is also one kind of automation testing. It is the quality assurance process that looks into the critical aspects of the software. 

Automation Testing Process

Not many organizations and developers know about the automation testing process. Consequently, let’s know in-depth about the process of automation testing. 

Defining the scope of automation 

The first step to getting started with automation testing is defining the scope of automation. By scope, we mean laying down the requirements of the test and defining what the test case is supposed to do. 

Selecting tools 

Once you are done with defining the scope of automation, the next comes the evaluation and selection of tools. There are a variety of automation testing tools available in the market these days such as Selenium, Appium, Cucumber, worksoft, and others. Choose the one that suits your purpose and seems you the best. 

Planning, design, and development 

Planning, designing, and development are the next stages of automation testing. But before you begin with this, figure out if the automation is effective or not. Label them and document the test cases as you automate them. 

Execution 

Conduct the first test to ensure whether the software runs as planned or not. Once you get the results from the first tests, plan the frequency of the next tests until it runs smoothly as you planned. 

Maintenance 

After doing the successful tests, the next comes maintenance. Review the test cases and plan out the maintenance to fix the errors and make the desired changes. 

Benefits of Automation Testing 

Compared to manual testing, automation testing is much more beneficial and offers more benefits. Let’s have a sneak peek into some of the benefits of automation testing. 

 

  • Time-saving 
  • Cost-effective 
  • Highly accurate 
  • Tracking bugs 
  • Fast-paced testing 
  • Improved chances of bugs 
  • Minimizes disruption 
  • Reusable 

Automation Testing Tools 

Compared to the test cases, there is a huge variety of automation testing tools making it difficult to choose the best one. Consequently, here are some top automation testing tools you can look forward to: 

 

  • Selenium 
  • TestComplete 
  • SoapUI
  • Telerik test studio 
  • IBM rational functional tester
  • Worksoft
  • Cucumber 
  • Selenium
  • Katalon Studio 
  • Appium

Things to Bear in Mind While Choosing Automation Testing Tools 

Having too many automation testing tools at your disposal, the developers are often confused about which automation testing tool to use and which one to let go of. Fortunately, there are some key things to bear in mind while choosing automation testing tools. 

No matter what, choosing the right automation testing tool at the right time is crucial as it determines whether your software will launch right or not. Keep these factors in mind while choosing automation testing tools. 

 

  • Cost of automation testing tool 
  • Technologies in use 
  • Multiple testing frameworks 
  • A kind of testing needs to run 
  • Ease of using 
  • Reporting capabilities 
  • Easy script development 
  • Tool experts 
  • Recording 
  • CI/CD capabilities
  • Task management systems 

Best Practices For Automation Testing 

Automation testing is not child’s play and one needs to know which test cases to automate and which ones to leave. Consequently, follow these best practices while turning to automation and set it in such a way that gives you the best returns. 

 

  • Testing should only be carried out when it’s necessary and can be repeated. 
  • One should always use data-driven tests while performing automation testing. 
  • Never wait for the right time to begin testing. Test early and at regular intervals. 
  • The testing should be done in such a manner that ensures that it does not lead to technical challenges further. 
  • Maintain thorough records of your testing. 
  • Do not take the responsibility of testing upon yourself and divide the responsibility.
  • Also, see that testing takes you to further tasks.

Wrapping Up

Bear all the above-stated things in mind before you initiate the automation testing. Choose the right automation testing tool as this is what can make or mar your automation testing. Improve the performance and enhance the security of software by doing automation testing.